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Databases compiled from Seventeenth-Century Census Substitutes

1622 & 1630 Muster Rolls

During the early seventeenth century when British colonists were settling in Ulster under the Plantation of Ulster, landed estates were required to muster tenants for defence when areas were under threat from the native Irish. Early musters simply stated the number of men on estates bearing arms. The best Muster Rolls were drawn up c.1630 [PRONI: D/1759/3C/3] and these contain the names of adult males bearing or capable of bearing arms.

Within the newly formed county of Londonderry there are lists of names for all of the companies except the Skinners' and the Salters' companies. The names for the Goldsmiths' company are included with those for the City of Londonderry. 1931 adult males were listed for the entire county and are listed in the database below. The muster rolls show that at this time many of the tenants on estates within the county were English or Welsh. The greatest concentration of Scots was to be found on the Haberdashers' and Clothworkers' estates in the north of the county and also in the City of Londonderry - read more.

Although Co. Antrim was not part of the official Plantation landlords there were expected to muster tenants for defence. North Antrim (baronies of Cary, Dunluce and Kilconway) was owned by the MacDonnells whose chief had become the Earl of Antrim. Within the Barony of Toome there are Muster Rolls for the Adair Estate held by the Adair family and the Galgorm Estate held, at that time by a Mr Edmonston who also held lands in South Antrim..

The Adair and Edmonston Estates in the Barony of Toome were dominated by lowland Scots. Within the Earl of Antrim's estate the three baronies were regarded as different kinds of areas. Cary barony was described in the Muster Rolls as Native Lands i.e. an area set aside mainly for Highland Scots who were loyal to the MacDonnells. Dunluce barony was an area set aside mainly for English and Lowland Scots who had been encouraged to settle there by the Earl of Antrim. Kilconway barony was an area set aside for servitors and the Irish. The number of names listed in each barony reflect the predominance of loyal British tenants in the Barony of Dunluce. Of the total 849 names listed for the four baronies - 520 were located in the barony of Dunluce, 88 were located in Cary, 79 in Kilconway and 162 in Toome. These are included in the database below.

1622 Muster Rolls for the City & Liberties of Londonderry, Town & Liberties of Coleraine & Vintners' Estate, Bellaghy Excel PDF
1630 Muster Rolls for the Baronies of Cary, Dunluce, Kilconway and Toome, Co. Antrim Excel PDF
1630 Muster Rolls for the County of Londonderry Excel PDF

1660s Hearth Money Rolls

The Hearth Tax was introduced to Ireland in 1662. Arranged by county, parish and, usually, townland, the Hearth Money Rolls list the names of householders who were liable to pay tax at the rate of two shillings on every hearth or fireplace they had. Some people were exempt* from the tax and, of course, others managed to evade paying it. This means that the lists are not a complete record of householders in a townland. The tax was collected over areas known as "Walks" which were based on towns. For example, the "Dunluce Walk" in County Antrim was centred on the town of Dunluce which was just outside the castle. It covered the baronies of Cary, Dunluce and Kilconway in North Antrim as well as the baronies of Coleraine and North East Liberties in County Londonderry.

*  Persons living on alms, or persons not able to work, or persons who had a house or lands worth less than eight pounds per annum and with property valued at less than four pounds.

The original Hearth Money Rolls were destroyed by fire in the Four Courts, Dublin in 1922. However, the Presbyterian Historical Society of Ireland had made copies of the Rolls and these were lent to PRONI in the mid-1920s for copying. I have used the PRONI type-written copies to compile the Hearth Money databases for Co. Londonderry and North and Mid Antrim. Remember then that these databases are a transcription of a transcription of a transcription of an original source. This clearly must have implications for the spelling of both personal names and townland names in the database. Click here to see a copy of a page from PRONI: T307 relating to the Parish of Artrea in the Barony of Loughinsholin, Co. Derry and a page from the Parish of Ballymoney in the Barony of Dunluce Upper in Co. Antrim.
1669 Hearth Money Rolls for North and Mid Antrim Excel PDF
1663 Hearth Money Rolls for Co. Londonderry Excel PDF

My thanks to Adrian Stevenson, Genealogy Research in Ireland, for the following informationre a townland in the 1663 Hearth Money Rolls for Co. Londonderry. I note that you have "Mogrewie" as an unidentified townland in the parish of Banagher.This is undoubtedly the area named Mogarve/Mograve/Magerrif/Mugruff (from Irish magh garb), which after 1831 was taken into the northern part of the townland of Gallany (and possibly some into the southern part of the the townland of Knockan - there is an odd straight-line length of boundary which appears to ignore field-divisions). The name was preserved by our family as a fieldname. Alas that field has been sold, so the name may have disappeared altogether.

Below is a database containing names and places from the Hearth Money Rolls [T307] for the counties of Antrim [1669], Londonderry [1663], Tyrone [1666] and Donegal [Baronies of Inishowen and Raphoe] 1665 - read more.

Excel [North Ulster]
PDF [North Ulster]

1660s Subsidy Rolls.
1663 Subsidy Rolls for Co. Londonderry - read more. Excel PDF

My Databases
Databases compiled from 19th Century Census Substitutes
Databases compiled from 18th Century Census Subtitutes
Databases compiled from 17th Century Census Subtitutes
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Copyright 2016 W.Macafee.