Copies of some pages of Urban Streets from the 1831 Census Returns

The layout and organisation of pages covering villages, towns and the City of Londonderry are the same as those covering rural townlands. However, there are certain differences that are worth pointing out. Firstly all towns and villages in the 1831 Census were located within townlands and the information on some towns and villages was recorded in a number of different townlands or indeed different parishes. For example the western part of the Town of Moneymore was in the Parish of Desertlyn and the eastern part in the Parish of Artrea. Another example - the Town of Coleraine was located mainly on the eastern side of the River Bann in the Parish of Coleraine within the Barony of N. E. Liberties of Coleraine. The remainder of the Town was on the western side of the Bann in the Parish of Killowen in the Barony of Coleraine.

Note that all of the villages and many of the small towns throughout the county are simply numbered within the townland or townlands in which they are located. Usually there is a note to show where the "urban" numbering begins and ends. No information is recorded by street. Only in the City of Londonderry and the Towns of Limavady and Coleraine is information recorded by street. Note also that street numbering in a town or city can vary, as the examples below will show.

The first page immediately below shows parts of some of the streets in the Town of Coleraine - part of Stone Row Upper, all of Meeting House Place and part of New Row. What is interesting here is the fact that the numbering of houses in the town is continuous, starting with No. 1 in Bridge Street and ending with No. 754 The Rectory. You will notice in my database that I have entered the Coleraine data by house number and I have not sorted the streets in the town alphabetically.

By contrast each street in Limavady and Londonderry City are numbered 1 to x. Below are copies of some pages relating to streets in the City of Londonderry where there is a further complication in the numbering of streets. The City was located within the townlands of Londonderry and Edenballymore. The part of the city within the townland of Londonderry was divided into four wards named after the four main streets in the City [Bishop Street, Butcher Street, Ferryquay Street and Shipquay Street]. Within my database these are abbreviated to [Bi. Ward] - [Bu. Ward] - F. Ward] - [S. Ward]. Also, within the database, you will find [inside] and [outside] used with all of the streets in the four wards. This signifies the streets and parts of streets that lay inside the Walled City and those that lay outside the Walls. The townland of Edenballymore which always lay outside the walls was not strictly a Ward. It had a substantial rural population as well. As the city expanded in the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries more or less the entire townland became part of the city. Within the 1831 database I have used [Edenballymore] instead of [outside] with all of the streets that lay within the townland of Edenballymore.

The first page below shows parts of three streets which lay within the Bishop Street Ward of the City - Nailer's Row, Long Tower Street and Priest's Lane. Note, in particular, the numbering of the properties. Most of the properties here are multiple tenancies e.g. No. 1 in Priest Lane has four families living in one house. I have no idea how the house was divided up. Was it a tenement or simply rooms in one house? This pattern of housing can be seen all over the City. If you use the Excel database to filter out the properties in the city that are shared you will get a compete list. I used the term "Shared House" [with some variants] to identify them.

Note also the sequence of numbering within each page. Only streets with very few properties [e.g. Artillery Lane, Dark Lane, Weavers Court, etc.] are all numbered on one page. All of the larger streets are not numbered on consecutive pages. In the page below [48] you can see Nailer's Row numbered from [10 to 16] - Long Tower numbered from [10 to 18] and Priest's Lane numbered [1 to 3]. Long Tower starts on page 46 [1 to 6]. Continues on page 47 [6 to 9]. The beginning of Nailers' Row begins on page 49 [1 to 9]. Page 48 you see below. Page 49 Priest's Lane [4 to 20]. Page 50 Priest's Lane [21 to 35] - Long Tower [14 to 16]. Page 51 Long Tower [17 to 33]. After this Long Tower goes on from page 52 to page 63. The Wards in the City of Londonderry 1831 Excel & PDF files will provide details of the numbering of streets plus the actual page numbers in the census microfilm document. It also shows which streets are in the various Wards.

Note, however, that within my 1831 Excel census database the streets within the city are arranged alphabetically and the the houses are listed 1 to x. In other words I am not following the order of streets and houses within the microfilm copy.


PRONI: MIC/5A/8

Below is a copy of a page [20] from the Butcher Street Ward . Here the numbering and the way multiple tenancies are identified is different. This method of numbering multiple tenancies was used in both the Butcher Street Ward and the Shipquay Street Ward. Incidentally the Shipquay Street Ward had fewer multiple tenancies than the other Wards.


PRONI: MIC/5A/8

The townland of Edenballymore [page below] which always lay outside the walls was not strictly a Ward. It had a substantial rural population as well. As the city expanded in the later ninetennth and early twentieth centuries more or less the entire townland became part of the city. Within the 1831 database I have used [Edenballymore] instead of [outside] with all of the streets. The numbering of the properties in the 1831 Census follows the pattern adopted in the Bishop Street and Ferryquay Street Wards. This means that Fahan Street and William Street which had houses in both Edenballymore and the Butcher Street Ward were numbered differently. For example, Fahan Street in the Butcher Street Ward was numbered 72 to 154. This numbering followed on from the adjacent Cow Bog [outside] 41 to 71. Cow Bog followed on from William Street 1 to 40. William street in Edenballymore was numbered 1 to 60

Note that if [in Excel] you filter out the [Bu. Ward] data and sort it by House No. you will get the streets and houses listed in order from 1 to 232. This reflects the order of the information in the 1831 Census Microfilm copy. You can do the same for [S. Ward] and you get House No. order 1 to 183.

Note that this does not work for the Bishop Street or Ferryquay Street Wards. Each individual street is numbered from 1 to x. The same goes for Edenballymore.


PRONI: MIC/5A/8

Below is a copy of page 58 which shows part of Henrietta Street and part of Bishop Street [outside]. Note the two comments about boarders in House Nos. 41 & 42.

No. 41 had 3 boarders described in the comment "3 Pedlars unknown".

No. 42 had 7 lodgers [5 males and 2 females] described in the comment "7 Unknown but a short time in Derry".

Note that in both cases there was no information given regarding their religions. Note also that blanks were left in the No. of Families column. This was in contrast to Nos. 9 and 11 In Henrietta Street which had two separate families recorded in each house.


PRONI: MIC/5A/8

Copyright 2017 W. Macafee.