Townlands in Croagh DED within the Parish of Ballintoy, Barony of Cary
This case study deals with a group of eight contiguous townlands which are located within the Parish of Ballintoy in North Antrim. My initial interest in this area resulted from researching the family of Robert & Molly Dunlop who lived in the townland of Drumnagee during the second half of the nineteenth century. All of their children who lived to be adults emigrated either to Scotland or New Zealand, some via Australia. Because Molly Dunlop was a McAfee from Drumnagessan, I concentrated initially on the Dunlop and McAfee families and the townlands of Drumnagee and Drumnagessan. As the research progressed the area covered by the study began to expand to cover the other adjoining six townlands
During the time I was investigating these townlands and the families who inhabited them, a number of the key sources that I was using, came online. Up until c.2008 most of the online material was primarily genealogical e.g. IFHF databases of BDMs. From c.2008 the following sources became available on the Internet. The first to appear was the Griffith's Valuation material from the printed books and the accompanying Six Inch valuation maps [askaboutireland.ie]. During 2009-2011 National Archives, Ireland launched the 1901 & 1911 Census Returns. Over the past few years PRONI launched a range of online sources, the latest of which, the Griffith's Revision Books completes the trio of sources that allow us look at change in any townland in Ireland c.1860-c.1911. I have made extensive use of this material [supplemented by the databases, copies of maps & documents that I have prepared for this website] in researching this corner of Ballintoy parish and the families who lived there during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Below are the sources that I used most in my research. I should point out that the order in which the sources are presented does not reflect the order in which I consulted them. The research process is not as ordered as the sequence below might suggest. Note that the section on Maps is mainly about place - here you should get some idea of where the locality is, what the place is like today and what it was like in the nineteenth century. The section on BDMs, Census and Valuation Records [whilst still providing more information on place] tells us more about the people and families who inhabited this locality, their society and economy and how things changed during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries within this locality.
PERIOD c.1830 to c.1911
MAPS SHOWING LOCATION & ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS
The maps in the first row of the table below show the location of the eight townlands within the Parish of Ballintoy and the wider North Antrim area. The maps in the second row show how they, and the Parish of Ballintoy, fit into the wider administrative structures or divisions of North Antrim in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In the third row are maps relating to landlords, churches and schools within the locality in the nineteenth century. Land, and the landlord, played a big part in the lives of most people at that time. The local church was the place where families met each other at the end of each week, providing a key focal point within a locality. Also when searching for marriages it is often useful to know the location of churches. Schools were playing an increasing role within society, especially for the many who joined the outward stream of emigrants. If you are not familiar with this part of North Antrim I would recommend that you get a copy of Sheet No. 5 [Ballycastle Area] 1:50000 OSNI Discoverer Series. Click here for more details. This map has an extra map [on the reverse side] showing the townlands within the area covered by this sheet.
ORDNANCE SURVEY & VALUATION MAPS
In the table below there are links to Ordnance Survey Six Inch Maps - c.1832 [First edition of the County Series] and c.1856 [Revision of c.1832 Maps] - read more. These maps give us some idea of the landscape and settlement of the locality c.1830-c.1860. See also some extracts from the Ordnance Survey Memoir 1830/1837 for the Parish of Ballintoy. The Memoir was written to accompany the c.1832 OS map. Note that I still have to add the 1850s OS maps.
The Six Inch OS maps were also base maps for the Valuation Maps. The maps used by the Griffith's Valuation from c.1860 to c.1930 are the most useful and are available online at askaboutireland.ie [Griffith's Valuation] - read more. Note that the askaboutireland maps also include modern day Google satellite images and road maps as well as the Griffith's Valuation maps. See next section for more details on these maps and the printed valuation books that accompany them.
BIRTHS, DEATHS & MARRIAGES [BDMs], CENSUS RECORDS & VALUATION RECORDS
The sources listed here, BDMs, Census & Valuation Records are used concurrently within the research process. The sources marked * are Excel databases that I have created from some of these sources. There are also PDF versions of some the databases but, to be honest, the databases work best within the Excel format.
GRIFFITH'S PRINTED [TENEMENT] VALUATION c.1860 + ACCOMPANYING VALUATION MAPS
Below are copies of the Griffith's Valuation maps plus the relevant pages from the valuation books [from PRONI maps and the Printed Valuation Book for the PLU of Ballycastle]. The books give the name of the head of household for each property listed within each townland, plus numbers and letters to each property, which are shown on the valuation map thereby indicating the exact location of each property. Remember these valuation maps are available at askaboutireland.ie [Griffith's Valuation]. Here you will be able to zoom in for a closer look at areas within a townland where the numbers and letters are difficult to read.
I have created a database [Excel] [PDF] which contains an index of the names of all householders in a townland and identified them as either farmers or cottiers. I have also included a column in the database which indicates whether the persons [or their descendants] were still living within the same townland or had gone completely from the locality. This was done by comparing the names in the Excel Griffith's database c.1860 with those in the Excel 1901/1911 Census database.
1901 & 1911 CENSUS RETURNS
1901 & 1911 Census [National Archives website] allows you to search the census enumerators' forms for individual and families. It also has a a database function which I have used to create a number of databases from the online returns for the eight townlands in this study. I am working on a paper [to follow] that will explain the process involved and summarise some of the information that can be gleaned from this very important source. Note that these databases only work properly in Excel format - which explains why, with one exception, I have not included a PDF version.
BIRTHS DEATHS & MARRIAGES [BDMs]
When searching for BDMs I used the websites in the table below. This is illustrated to some extent in the case study of the Dunlop family.
See also - Ancestry.com [Library Edition] & PRONI Wills.
GRIFFITH'S REVISION BOOKS
Griffith's Revision Books online at PRONI. If you want some guidance on what the Griffith's Revision Books are about - go to Valuation Records in the left-hand menu and then to the webpage c.1860 to c.1930 Griffith's Revision Books. Given time, I intend to include a presentation showing how the Revision Books can help us to trace some of the changes going on in the townland of Croagh Beg between c.1860 and 1911.
CASE STUDY OF A FAMILY
The case study of the family of Robert and Molly Dunlop of Drumnagee should demonstrate how these sources can be used to reconstruct the history of a family and the locality in which they lived during the period c.1850 to c.1911.
PERIOD 1660s to 1820s
The databases listed below will allow you to search for names in the Parish of Ballintoy and, in some cases, the wider North Antrim at various times throughout the period 1669-1824. Note that in the case of the databases marked ** the Excel files cover a much wider area than Ballintoy Parish. All PDF files in this table only cover the Parish of Ballintoy and all PDF databases are sorted by standardised surname.
Apart from Traill's Census of 1803, these databases do no more than list names and places. We must also remember that, for a variety of reasons, not all households are recorded. Furthermore, without BDM records [usually missing], we can rarely establish definite relationships. At best these earlier documents can indicate if a particular surname was present in an area in earlier times and provide us with some idea of the geographical spread of that name within a district. Note that you will find it easier to filter out localities and surnames in the Excel databases.
Also, you might find these two older maps interesting - Lendrick's Map of Co. Antrim [Ballintoy Area] 1780 and Lendrick's Map of Co. Antrim [Ballintoy Area] revised 1808. Apologies for the quality of the 1780 map.
|Copyright 2013 W.Macafee.|