in Gorteade 1831
Valuations were carried out on buildings and land in order to determine what rates should be paid. The 1831 Townland Valuation was the first in a series of Valuations throughout the rest of the nineteenth century and first thirty years or so of the twentieth century. Below are pages 59 to 62 of the 1831 Valuation for Gorteade [PRONI ref. VAL/1/B/534A]. As you can see the valuers concentrated on idenifying and valuing differing qualities of land within the townland. Since Gorteade was valued in the early stages of this Valuation the valuers also recorded and gave estimates of their valuations of houses and cabins. 48 houses and 8 cabins were identified by the valuers. Notice, however, that the valuations of most of the houses & outbuildings were stroked out.
Very soon a code was created which described house and offices [outbuildings].
Below is a copy of the page detailing with the more substantial houses in the townland. These houses and outbuildings were either 2C or 2D i.e. the houses had thatched roofs and stone walls, but were oin need of repair.
As to location, the numbers in black in the first column refer to the numbers originally given to each building by the valuer during his survey of the townland. Once the £3, or greater, buildings had been selected, this smaller group of buildings was usually renumbered and the original number stroked out. These were the numbers that were written on the accompanying valuation map.
For some reason, the original Gorteade page does not show this renumbering but I do know that No. 8 became No. 1 on the map, No. 3 became No. 2, No. 7 became No. 3 and No. 1 became No. 4. I have included these new numbers in red on both the copy of the page and on the accompanying map. The map is an OS Map and I have simpoly added the house numbers in red.
Notice the words "won't come in" and "out" written below the valuation of No. 6 which was eventually excluded from the list because it did not meet the £3 threshold. In the end when the later £5 criterion was used only No. 3 [James McKeown] would have been included. James McKeown's house is on the site of the modern-day 'Gorteade Cottage', the ancestral home of Charles Thompson, the Secretary of the U.S. Continental Congress during the American War of Independence. 'Gorteade Cottage' is presently the residence of Wallace Clark. No. 1 was an inn at the Cross Keys - see photo. Note, however, that this photo was taken in the 1900s.
It is relatively easy to match these houses up with those shown on the 1859 Griffith's Valuation page and its accompanying Map. Here you will see the later valuation of these houses. Note that No. 3 occupied by James McKeown [now known as Gorteade Cottage] was valued at £5. 14.0 in 1831. By 1859 the occupant in No. 33 was Rev. Robert Torrens. The property was now valued at £10. House No. 1 occupied by Robert O'Kane wasvalued at £3.18.0 in 1831. By 1859 it was occupied by Andrew Ballagh, No. 29, and now valued at £3.15.0. No. 2 occupied by Charles Patterson was valued at £3.3.0 in 1831. By 1859 the occupant was John Tighe [Toye], No. 31 and the valuation was £2.0.0. It is very difficult to match Elizabeth Mitchell's house with any of the Mitchell houses in 1859.
1830s OS Map of Gorteade
Copyright 2018 W. Macafee.