Patrick Kane No. 38 in 1831 "Census"
This study deals with the house of Patrick O'Kane listed in the 1859 Griffith's Valuation. This time we are interested in the houses in amongst the trees.The photos and maps below will show you where Patrick's family lived in Gorteade in 1831 and 1859. The two photographs, immediately below, capture the same place in the townland in c.1970 and 2010.
The photograph below was taken in 2010.
The ruins in the photo above [taken c.1970] were the remains of the house occupied by Patrick Kane in the 1859 Griffith's Valuation and the accompanying map - see above. The house was in the plot of ground numbered 10B on the map. Also on plot 10B was the house of Bernard Kane who might been have been a relative. A direct descendant of Bernard [Barney] O'Kane got in touch with me a few years ago. His name is Tim O'Kane and he lives in Seattle USA. We shared sources and my thanks to Tim for sharing his sources and his family knowledge. In particular Tim unearthed a will of a Neal or Neilly O'Kane of Killyvally near Garvagh in which the Executors were his brothers, Michael O'Kane and Patrick O'Kane. Also there were earlier marriages and baptisms that confirmed that the two brothers lived in Gorteade. This new information helped me to get a better picture of the inhabitants in Patrick Kane's house No. 38 in the 1831 "Census". Tim has written an online book - Biography of Dominick O'Kane and his Family [43 MB file]. Dominick was the son of Bernard O'Kane who left the townland of Gorteade in the 1860s for the North East of England where Dominick was born. Later the family emigrated to America and made their way across the continent. I will leave Tim to tell the story of Bernard O'Kane's family and I will concentrate on the three brothers who were born in House No. 38 in the 1831 "Census" and No. 10Ba in the 1859 Griffith's Valuation. The table below contains hard evidence of the deaths of the three brothers.
Neal O'Kane's will, mentioned above, identified the three brothers. I am now certain that the Patrick Kane listed against No. 38 in 1831 must have been the father of Neal [1790-1873], Patrick [1802-1877] and Michael [1809-1896]. I suspect that their grandfather was a Neal Kane/O'Kane. This assertion is based on the tradition that the first son was named after his grandfather. The name Patrick Kane appears again in the 1859 Griffith's Valuation. Is this Patrick the father or Patrick the son? I was only able to find one death certificate that would fit - Patrick O'Kane who died in 1877. Given, that he was a bachelor, this could only be the son. I was surprised that the Patrick of 1859 was a stonemason rather than a farmer. In reality he was probably both. This particular Patrick seems to have spent his entire life in the family home.
His elder brother Neal had a more eventful life. He appears to have been married twice. Since these marriages took place before the Civil Registration of Catholic Marriages in 1864, I had to search Church Records. Unfortunately there are gaps in the entries and the information given in Church Records is very sparse. Click here for details of what might have been Neal's first marriage in 1845. Neal's will indicates that he had a daughter from this marriage. Did her mother die as a result of that birth? Again, I have no hard evidence one way or the other.
The second marriage in 1852, and subsequent birth of a daughter, I do know something about. It took place in Maghera Parish but there are no details of where he or his wife lived. Their first child was born in the townland of Carrowmenagh which is very close to the village of Garvagh. The family moved again to the townland of Killyvally which is even closer to Garvagh. Here Neal was listed in the 1859 Griffith's Valuation, and he died in Killyvally in 1873. Incidentally, Patrick Kane of Gorteade was one of the Sponsers in the birth. Also, there is till the question of a son, Patrick, mentioned in his Neal's will. So far, I have no information on him.
It is worth pointing out that finding a Patrick Kane from Gorteade as one of the sponsors at Neal's daughter, Eliza's baptism, helps to confirm that the executors of his will did live in Gorteade. Given the fact that there are many Kanes living in this locality, it often necessary to know where, exactly, a person lived. There are other Patrick and Michael Kanes or O'Kanes. With regard to the names Kane O'Kane, I am inclined to think that officials used the spelling Kane, probably because in the earlier part of the nineteenth century many people would not have been able to spell their names. I suspect that as the century progressed so did the ability to spell and there seems to be more O'Kanes about.
Turning now to the third son, Michael. According to Danny Crilly, Michael was the Yank, known as Louisville Kane, who built the house whose ruins you see in the picture above. Danny also maintained that Louisville Kane was the man who brought the scythe to Gorteade, thereby replacing the sickle. Clearly, Michael must have brought some money from America when he returned. Initially I thought that he must have come back after Patrick died and built this storey and a half house. Looking back I think that I was influenced by the fact that Michael's name appears on Patrick's Death Certificate. Also, when I first saw the ruins in 1970 I consulted the 1901 Census Returns. Here the house was recorded as a first class house. Today you can see this information in the Form B1 - House and Building Return. In 1970 this information came to me via a photocopy.
I also found a Michael Kane in 1890 in the Valuation Revision Books where the previous tenant was Patrick Kane. His name was stroked out and the name Michael O'Kane inserted. That made me think the house had been rebuilt around that time. It was only when I checked the valuation of the house in the Valuation Revision Books and found that the valuation in the 1890s was still the same as it was in 1859. Patrick's house was valued at £1.5.0 [£1.25 today] in the 1859 Griffith's Valuation. This valuation was above average for houses, particularly in the upper part of Gorteade. The photograph shows that the house [in ruins] was a storey and a half high, again not the norm for houses in Gorteade in the nineteenth century.
As the genealogical information became available, I could see that Michael's trip to America and back must have taken place before 1859. Michael was born circa 1809, so in 1831 he was 22. He was living at a time when young people were emigrating, particularly to America. The table below shows who emigrated from Gorteade in the years 1834. Michael could have already emigrated by 1834. we do not know exactly the year he emigrated - but emigrate he did. I suspect he came home in the 1850s.
We know he got married and had a daughter Mary who married a Michael Crilly in 1882. I cannot find a baptism for Mary O'Kane. Recently I discovered that the two Sponsors at the baptism of James Lafferty [son of Hugh Lafferty and Eliza Crilly] in 1864, were Michael and Catherine O'Kane. Probably, he was married at the time of the Griffith's Valuation in 1859.Michael died in 1896 and his daughter Mary Crilly [nee O'Kane] died just before the 1901 Census was taken.
Copyright 2018 W. Macafee.