The Townland of Moyletra Toy in the Parish of Desertoghill
The townland of Moyletra Toy is located near to the town of Garvagh, south of the road to Kilrea [see map of the locality]. During the nineteenth century Moyletra Toy was part of the civil parish of Desertoghill in the Barony of Coleraine. Later it was part of the District Electoral Division of The Grove in the Poor Law Union of Ballymoney until 1899 when it was transferred to The Union of Coleraine. Various parts of the townland have their own placenames. You can see these marked on th c.1860 Griffith's Valuation map.
As well as providing social and economic information on the townland, the sources for Moyletra Toy provide lists of names and maps that will enable you to locate holdings, houses and families who lived in the townland between c.1860 and 1911. Below you will also find some information relating to the earlier part of the nineteenth century.
The figures in the table below [compiled from the official census] show
how the number of people and [inhabited houses] changed during the period
1831 to 1901.
The table below
shows the religious breakdown of the population in the townland in the
early nineteenth century, calculated from the 1831 Census Returns.
The 1859 Griffith's Printed [Tenement] Valuation shows that this was a townland owned by the Church family. See also copy of 1859 Valuation Map. You can see a better map if you go to askaboutireland.ie/griffith-valuation 1846-64. The majority of the tenants in the townland were relatively small farmers. This would be consistent with the statement in the OS Memoirs mentioned about the weaving trade. None of these smallholders' houses were listed in the 1832 Townland Valuation - which is not surprising. The latter part of the nineteenth century would see the consolidation of farms as the domestic linen industry disappeared from the scene.
The Griffith's Revision Books will show you the changes in each holding and help you to link the names and properties in the 1859 Griffith's Printed [Tenement] Valuation with those in the 1901 Census Returns. The table below shows the number of people and houses in the townland in 1901 and the religious breakdown of the population.
The occupational structure of the townland in 1901 reflects the changes outlined above. There were only two linen weavers left in the townland - the two unmarried sisters, Nancy and Mary McCooke, aged 38 and 36. Everyone else in the townland was involved in agriculture and one family, the Holmes, had opened a shop.
I initially chose this townland because I was interested in a family of Pollocks who had moved into the townland around 1880. I later discovered that Robert had been a linen weaver in the village of Ballynameen, just outside Garvagh. In many ways Robert was a "refugee" from the declining domestic linen industry who must have made enough money to "buy" himself a farm in Moyletra Toy.
Whilst the Pollocks were relative newcomers to the townland, the Church, Holmes and Gibson families have long been resident in Moyletra Toy; and their descendants are still there today.
Copyright 2018 W. Macafee.