Printed Valuation c.1860
The purpose of this paper is to provide some guidance on how to read the pages in the printed Griffith's Valuation Books and link this information to the accompanying valuation maps. This paper concentrates on streets in a town. Note that if you are searching the Griffith's Valuation on the askaboutireland.ie website, there are no large scale town maps on that site.
The maps for towns are much larger in scale than the Six Inch maps which cover the countryside. The scales are usually around 48 to 60 inches to the mile. Again some are in better condition than others. The map of part of Coleraine [VAL/2/D/5/15 below], along with the map for the City of Derry/Londonderry, are probably the worst for the county. Those for Dungiven, Limavady and Magherafelt are much better. The map below shows the properties in Stone Row Upper, Coleraine c.1859. Click here to see O'Hagan's Map of the entire town in 1845.
As you can see each building has a number which matches the number in the printed valuation. The printed pages for towns have exactly the same layout as those for townlands but obviously the amount of land associated with houses will be much less. In many cases the land associated with a house was described as a yard or small garden and no measurement was given unless it was approaching a rood [40 perches]. Towns were valued within the particular townlands that the town, as a whole, occupied. Many of the occupants of houses in towns had land in the townlands surrounding the town. Furthermore, if a street lay partly in one townland and partly in another then the two parts of the street will be in different pages in the valuation book. It is also worth pointing out that there are normally more instances in towns where the person listed as the occupier of the property did not actually live there.
Below is a copy of part of page 187 from the Griffith’s [Tenement] Valuation Book [18th Sept. 1861] for Coleraine Poor Law Union. Reading the numbers in the Prited Valuation List and matching each property to the Valuation Map is relatively straightforward. The exception is Hose No. 8 which is not clearly shown on the map.I have to be honest and say that I cannot make up my mind on this one. It is also worth pointing out that the Valuers have included the local house numbers. Often these numbers are used on vcivil birth and death certificates. Notice that the local numbers and the valuation map numbers start from different ends of the street.
original Valuers' Field Books are available for Coleraine Parish [PRONI:
VAL/2/B/5/3B]. In contrast to rural townlands, the Field Books for urban
areas provide much more information on the age, condition and dimensions
of individual houses and their attenadant office outbuildings. Click
here to view these pages in the valuers' field book. Note that much
of the information on these pages is given in code. The length [i.e.the
frontage] and breadth [i.e. the depth] of each house/building is given
in yards & fractions of a yard [unlike the earlier 1830s Valuation
which was given in feet and inches]. The height of buildings are given
in storeys [the 1830s was given in feet and inches]. The information
on the condition and age of each building and the materials used in
the construction of the roof and walls is exactly the same as that used
in the earlier 1830s Valuation - click
here for details.
These maps and the lists of occupiers in a street provide a starting point for the "mapping" of changes to each property within that street from c.1860 to c.1930. This is made possible by the Griffith's Revision Books and the 1901 and 1911 census - see separate example. The Northern Ireland General Revaluations 1935-c.1970 example allows you to take the "story" of the street up to more modern times. Alternatively you can move in the other direction towards the earlier part of the nineteenth century by going to the 1830s Townland Valuation example.
Copyright 2015 W. Macafee.